Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria and the 15th largest city
in the European Union with a population of 1.2 million people. It is located
in western Bulgaria, at the foot of Mount Vitosha and approximately at the
centre of the Balkan Peninsula.
Sofia is the economic heart of Bulgaria and home to most major Bulgarian
and international companies operating in the country, as well as the Bulgarian
National Bank and the Bulgarian Stock Exchange.
With its developing infrastructure and strategic location, Sofia is a major
hub for international railway and automobile transport. Three of the ten
Trans-European Transport Corridors cross the city.
Sofia is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Bulgaria alongside
coastal and mountain resorts. Among its highlights is the Alexander Nevsky
Cathedral, one of the symbols of Bulgaria, constructed in the late 19th century.
The city is also known for the Boyana Church, a UNESCO world heritage
Sofia also holds Bulgaria’s largest museum collections, which attract both
tourists and students for practical studies. Two natural sciences museums
- the Natural History Museum and the Earth and Man display a variety of
minerals, animal species (both alive and taxidermic) and rare materials.
The Ethnographic Museum and the National Museum of Military History are
other places of interest, holding large collections of Bulgarian folk costumes
and various armaments, respectively.
Vitosha Boulevard, also called Vitoshka, has numerous fashion boutiques
and luxury goods stores. Sofia’s geographic location, situated in the foothills
of the weekend retreat Vitosha mountain, further adds to the city’s